UPSC NDA II Exam 2024: Important Dates, Eligibility Criteria, and Complete Syllabus
The UPSC NDA II Exam refers to the National Defence Academy (NDA) and Naval Academy (NA) Examination II, conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) in India. This exam is a gateway for candidates aspiring to join the Indian Army, Navy, and Air Force as officers. The exam is held twice a year, and it is one of the most competitive defense entrance exams in the country.
The UPSC NDA II Exam is a prestigious entry point for young individuals aiming for a career in the Indian Armed Forces. Success in this exam requires thorough preparation, a good understanding of the exam pattern, and consistent practice.
UPSC NDA II Exam : Eligibility Criteria
 Nationality: Candidates must be Indian citizens.
 Age Limit: Generally, candidates must be between 16.5 and 19.5 years old. Exact dates are provided in the official notification.
 Educational Qualification:
 For Army Wing of NDA: Candidates must have passed 12th Class of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent examination conducted by a State Education Board or a University.
 For Air Force and Naval Wings of NDA and for the 10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme at the Indian Naval Academy: Candidates must have passed 12th Class with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent.
UPSC NDA II Exam : Selection Process
 Written Examination: The exam consists of two papers—Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT). Both papers are objective type, with Mathematics carrying 300 marks and GAT carrying 600 marks.
 SSB Interview: Candidates who qualify for the written examination are called for an SSB (Services Selection Board) interview, which includes intelligence and personality tests.
UPSC NDA II Exam : Exam Pattern
 Mathematics: 300 marks, 2.5 hours.
 General Ability Test (GAT): 600 marks, 2.5 hours. GAT is further divided into two parts:
 Part A: English (200 marks)
 Part B: General Knowledge (400 marks)
UPSC NDA II Exam : How to Apply
Candidates can apply online through the official UPSC website when the notification is released. The application process typically includes registration, filling out the application form, and paying the required fee.
UPSC NDA II Exam : Important Dates
 Notification Release: Usually around June/July for NDA II.
 Application Period: Generally open for about three weeks following the release of the notification.
 Exam Date: Typically conducted in September/October.
UPSC NDA II Exam : Preparation Tips
 Focus on strengthening your basics in Mathematics, Physics, and English.
 Regularly practice previous years’ question papers and mock tests.
 Keep updated with current affairs for the General Knowledge section.
 Physical fitness is also crucial, as it is part of the selection process.
UPSC NDA Exam Syllabus
The syllabus for the National Defence Academy (NDA) Exam is designed to test a candidate's knowledge in various subjects, including Mathematics, English, and General Knowledge. The exam is divided into two papers:
 Mathematics
 General Ability Test (GAT)
1. Mathematics Syllabus
The Mathematics paper carries 300 marks and is conducted for 2.5 hours. The syllabus includes topics typically covered in the 11th and 12thgrade curriculum. Here’s a detailed breakdown:
Algebra:

 Set theory, relations, and functions
 Complex numbers, modulus, and argument, cube roots of unity
 Quadratic equations and linear inequations
 Binomial theorem and its applications
 Logarithms and their applications
Matrices and Determinants:


 Types of matrices, operations on matrices
 Determinants, properties of determinants
 Inverse of a matrix, applications of matrices to solve a system of linear equations

Trigonometry:



 Angles and their measures, trigonometric ratios
 Trigonometric identities
 Trigonometric equations
 Inverse trigonometric functions
 Applications of trigonometry


Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimensions:




 Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system
 Distance formula, equation of a line
 Angle between two lines
 Standard forms of the equation of a circle, parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola
 Equation of a sphere, cone, cylinder



Differential Calculus:





 Concept of a realvalued function, domain, range
 Limits and continuity of functions
 Differentiation of functions
 Applications of derivatives




Integral Calculus and Differential Equations:






 Integration as an inverse of differentiation
 Definite integrals, applications of integration
 Differential equations, general and particular solutions
 Formation of differential equations





Vector Algebra:







 Vectors in two and three dimensions
 Vector operations, scalar and vector products
 Applications of vectors






Statistics and Probability:








 Statistics: Mean, median, mode, variance, and standard deviation
 Probability: Definitions, conditional probability, independent events, Bayes’ theorem
 Statistics: Mean, median, mode, variance, and standard deviation







2. General Ability Test (GAT) Syllabus
The GAT paper carries 600 marks and is also conducted for 2.5 hours. The GAT is divided into two parts: English and General Knowledge.
Part A: English (200 Marks)
 Grammar and Usage:
 Spotting errors
 Antonyms and synonyms
 Sentence improvement
 Vocabulary, idioms, and phrases
 Comprehension:
 Understanding of a passage
 The ability to answer questions based on the passage
 Cohesion in Extended Text:
 Testing the candidate’s comprehension and understanding of English prose
 Sentence Structure:
 Ordering of words in a sentence
 Ordering of sentences in a paragraph
Part B: General Knowledge (400 Marks)
This section includes questions from various subjects:
 Physics:
 Basic concepts: Motion, force, energy, work, power, and laws of motion
 Sound waves, light, heat, electricity, and magnetism
 Properties of matter, physical quantities, and measurement
 Simple machines
 Chemistry:
 Basic concepts and laws of chemistry
 Classification of elements, atomic structure
 Chemical bonding, states of matter, and gas laws
 Acids, bases, and salts
 Environmental chemistry
 General Science:
 Basic knowledge of biology: Life processes, plants and animals, human body, nutrition, and health
 Food and its constituents, diseases, and prevention
 Living organisms and their surroundings
 History:
 Ancient, medieval, and modern history of India
 Important dates, events, and personalities
 Indian freedom movement
 Indian Constitution, political system, and governance
 World history, including the Industrial Revolution and World Wars
 Geography:
 Earth’s structure, physical features, and natural resources
 Climate, ocean currents, and atmospheric phenomena
 India’s geography: Soil, rivers, mountains, and vegetation
 Population distribution and economic activities
 Current Affairs:
 Recent events in India and around the world
 Important international organizations like the UN, WHO, etc.
 Sports, awards, and honors
 General Knowledge & Awareness:
 Basics of Indian polity and governance
 Social issues and economic development
 Environmental conservation and biodiversity